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Flipped classroom is a pedagogical approach that "exchanges the time used to deliver basic knowledge in class and the out-of-class time for applying the knowledge or doing homework” (Lai & Hwang 2017). With such arrangements, educators hope to use valuable face-to-face time to help students as they apply knowledge to solve problems and interact with them more deeply to address their individual needs. There have been many studies on the effectiveness of the flipped classroom.
New media tools such as social networking, blogging and video sharing sites have transformed our daily information landscape into a crowdsourced media space. As information environment becomes more participatory, educators are urged to rethink how learners get the learning resources they need, from whom and through what means. For self-directed learners, valuable learning resources are no longer confined to those provided by schools, but can be found in peer-generated and crowdsourced materials. In
Peer networks are crucial resources for self-directed learning. Many self-directed learners consult peers with expertise in specific learning areas to get advice on learning materials and project development (Brookfield, 2009). Creating supportive learning communities is essential to turn peers into productive resources for self-directed learners. Recurse Center (formerly Hacker School) is a self-directed educational retreat for programmers that
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are great learning resources for self-directed learners. MOOCs are disciplinary and thematically organized materials, and are flexible and accessible for learners anytime anywhere. Although there have been issues of low completion rates in MOOCs (Jordan, 2014), learners have different goals and expectations as they approach these online courses. Some learners are motivated to learn because of personal curiosity and interests, while others have professional growth needs. Le...
Self directed learning is initially developed in adult education, but can it apply to K-12 learners? Beese and Watson (2016) address this question through a descriptive case study. They investigated two SDL related theoretical constructs: self-regulation and self-determination in their case. Self-regulation explores the subject's cognitive skills and goal-directed behaviors, while self-determination examines the learner's subjective sense of motivation. An ideal self-directed learner should develop both self-regulating skills and behaviors, and ...
How might socioeconomic status and/or being a minority youth shape learners’ SDL paths? In this article, Joni Schwartz presents a case of a young black Richard Osborne’s choice of SDL instead of going to college to achieve his life and professional goals. Schwartz points out that SDL is criticized for ignoring the contexts of learning, while critical race theory considers larger social circumstances for minority yout...
I previously wrote a post about teachers who use Twitter as a medium for professional development (PD) opportunities. There is a consensus that PD for teachers is broken and need an overhaul. As a result, teachers are looking for new learning opportunities. In their study, Teachers’ self-directed learning and teaching experience, the authors asked secondary school educators in the Netherlands about: (1)    Their preferred learning domain (what) (2)    Their preferred learning activities (how...
In what will be my final contribution to this site I would like to continue the line of inquiry I established in my previous two posts, which examine alternately the historical origins of unschooling and of self-directed learning and propose a more focused study of the social, political, and other contexts that combine to enable us to consider the self as an individual agent and learning as a particular type of (classifiable) activity. Implicitly, in arguing in the course of these posts as I have, for the generation of a sociology of self-directed learning, I have hoped to frame this pursuit a...
Getting learning resources through different ways is important for self-directed learners. As technologies advance, there are more tools, choices and platforms for self-directed learners to plan their own learning. Liu and Hwang (2010) point out that there are paradigm shifts in e-learning: from the traditional e-learning that relies on computers and networks, to mobile learning that uses mobile device...
Previously I explored the strained relationship between advocates of traditional schooling and of self-directed education. Drawing on the political, social, and cultural inertia that has developed around schools, the former group retains a belief in the importance of these institutions to a democratic republic, to the economy, or to a collection of other projects, as well as a corresponding level of trust in their ability to meet the attendant potpourri of demands we place on them. Conversely, reacting against the standardization, bureaucratization, and professionalization administrative progr...