On October 14th, 1964, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968), earned the Nobel Peace Prize for nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice and discrimination in the United States of America. The son of a Baptist minister, Reverend Michael King, Sr., and Alberta King (Williams), Martin Luther King, Jr. organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, the first significant protest of the African-American Civil Rights Movement -- and one that set the pace for peaceful activism in an era of ongoing racial segregation and violence. With a bachelor of divinity from Crozer Theological Seminary and doctorate in theology from Boston University, King combined Christian and American thoughts and ideals, often powerfully voiced in public orations, such as "I Have a Dream', delivered on August 28, 1963 at the Abraham Lincoln Memorial during the massive March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
A 35-year old recipient of the Nobel Prize, King became the youngest ever to receive the prestigious award, and he donated the proceeds totaling $54,600 to the Civil Rights Movement. He earned numerous honorary degrees from colleges and universities, as well as many other awards from organizations and governments:, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, awarded posthumously in 1977 by President Jimmy Carter, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004. King's leadership led to the ratification of the 24th Amendment to the Constitution and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Nobel Peace Prize Awarded Dr. King. (1964, Oct 14). Newsday (1940-1992)
- Dr. Martin Luther King Wins Nobel Peace Prize. (1964, Oct 15). The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973)
- Press, A. (1964, Oct 15). Nobel Peace Prize Won By Martin Luther King: Assertion Of Principle Of Nonviolence Brings Coveted Honor To Negro Leader. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Charlton, L. (1964, Oct 15). Profile: Dr. Martin Luther King. Newsday (1940-1992)
- Martin Luther King's Nobel Prize. (1964, Oct 16). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- King, M. (1964, Dec 05). Dr. Martin Luther King's Own Story: "What Nobel Peace Prize Means To Me". New Journal and Guide (1916-2003)
- Inside: Full Color Dr. Martin L. King. (1964, Dec 12). Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- "In Spite Of the Darkness Of This Hour, We Must Not Despair, We Must Not Become Bitter--We Must Not Lose Faith." (1968, Apr 07). Boston Globe (1960-1989)
- Dr. Martin Luther King's Historic Nobel Peace Prize Speech In Oslo: He Had a Dream. (1968, Apr 20). New York Amsterdam News (1962-1993)
- Clinton, A. (1986, Jan 17). In Tribute To Martin Luther King Jr. Newsday (1940-1992)
- 'A Creative Psalm Of Brotherhood': The Speech Delivered By the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. On Accepting the Nobel Peace Prize Dec. 10, 1964. (1986, Jan 20). Newsday (1940-1992)
- The Words Of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (2001, Jan 12). Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001) =
- Read about the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project and other MLK resources at Stanford University, an effort that was initiated by the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia, his birthplace.
- Explore a wealth of information and resources relating to Martin Luther King, Jr. via TC Supersearch, a federated search tool that allows you to search across the library's holdings.
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