Did you know that Nicholas Murray Butler, for whom Columbia University's main academic library (Butler) is named, is one of the founders, alongside Grace Hoadley Dodge, of Teachers College, Columbia University? Butler was a philosopher, student of education, and proponent for the special, professional training of teachers. In 1886, Dr. Butler conceived of a plan to create a "teacher's college outside the university" -- a plan that showed exceptional promise when he became president of the Industrial Education Association and president of the New York College for the Training of Teachers (1887-1891). The College received its provisional charter in 1889-- granting its right to confer the degrees of Bachelor, Master, and Doctor of Pedagogy.
An advisor to President Theodore Roosevelt, Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947) became president of Columbia University in 1901 at the age of 30, and he stayed in office for 43 years -- the longest tenure in Columbia's history. He expanded the campus to include many new buildings, schools, and departments -- effectively sowing the seeds for membership in the Ivy League, a group of elite colleges in the North East that are esteemed for their academic excellence and known for their selectivity in admissions.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Seth Low Takes Leave Of Columbia: Prof. Nicholas Murray Butler Appointed Acting President. Retiring Head Of the University Explains To the Students the Necessity For His Action and Is Enthusiastically Cheered. (1901, Oct 08). New York Times (1857-1922)
- Columbia's President: Sketch Of Nicholas Murray Butler, Who Is Only 30. (1901, Dec 13). The Hartford Courant (1887-1922)
- Columbia University Will Install Her Tenth President This Week With Due Ceremony: Columbia President Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler To Be Installed As Successor To Dr. Low. (1902, Apr 13). New - York Tribune (1900-1910)
- Roosevelt Talks Of Real Citizen: President Gives His Ideas On Duty Of University At Feast Of Columbia Alumni. (1902, Apr 20). Chicago Daily Tribune (1872-1922)
- President Of Columbia University Arrives: Nicholas Murray Butler, One Of the Advisers Of Roosevelt, Here With His Family. (1905, Mar 25). San Francisco Chronicle (1869-Current File)
- Wilson., P.W. (1927, Jan 16). Horace Mann School Blazed Path Forty Years Ago: Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler Reviews Work and World-Wide Influence Of Institution Founded In 1887 -- Introduced Psychology and Manual Training. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Fackenthal To Act As Columbia Head. (1945, Oct 02). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Crandell, R. F. (1947, Oct 19). Nicholas Murray Butler. New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- Education Top Interest Of Dr. Butler: Served For 44 Years As Head Of Columbia, Was Prolific Writer. (1947, Dec 08). The Hartford Courant (1923-1994)
- Nicholas Murray Butler Dies At 85 In New York: Funeral Of President Emeritus Of Columbia To Be Held Tomorrow In Campus Chapel. (1947, Dec 08). The Sun (1837-1994)
- Mallon, T. (2006, Jan 22). An Empty Robe: Why Did Columbia President Nicholas Murray Butler Sink Into Oblivion? New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Cremin, Lawrence, David A. Shannon, and Mary Evelyn Townsend. A History of Teachers College, Columbia University. New York: Columbia University Press, 1954. Main LB2193.C62 C7 1954.
- Archival resources on Nicholas Murray Butler via Pocketknowledge, the digital repository of Teachers College, Columbia University
- Books authored by Nicholas Murray Butler and held at the Gottesman Libraries
- CU Quick Search on Nicholas Murray Butler, with catalog and article entries, manuscripts and more.
- Nicholas Murray Butler in 1916, Wikimedia Commons
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries
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