On September 1st, 1985, the R.M.S Titanic was found by Dr. Robert Ballard, a naval intelligence officer and oceanographer, roughly 400 miles east of Newfoundland and some 13,000 feet below the surface of the North Atlantic. An unmanned submersible, known as Argo, was scanning the ocean floor when it passed over a massive boiler belonging to the luxury liner that sank on April 15th, 1912 after colliding with an iceberg. One of the worst marine disasters in history, 1,500 passengers and ship personnel perished on the maiden voyage from Southhampton, England to New York City. Several thousand artifacts, including the ship's pieces and furnishings, remained intact and were recovered from the ocean floor, providing insight into the tragic sinking of the Titanic which was believed to have been watertight. Ballard was hailed as a hero for his important discovery of Titanic, and his illustrious work in underwater archeology included finding the German battleship Bismarck and many other shipwrecks from around the world.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- The Tragedy Of the Titanic---A Complete Story: Heroism and Suffering As the Giant Liner Sinks. (1912, Apr 28). New York Times (1857-1922)
- Baum, G. (1985, Sep 03). Titanic Found 13,000 ft. Under: Titanic's Grave At 13,000 Feet Found By U.S.-French Team. Newsday (1940-1991)
- Broad, W. (1985, Sep 03). Wreckage Of Titanic Reported Discovered 12,000 Feet Down: French-U.S. Team Says It Found Titanic Wreck. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Sanger, C. (1985, Sep 03). Titanic's Wreck Found and Filmed. The Guardian (1959-2003)
- Titanic Found Near-Intact. (1985, Sep 04). The Irish Times (1921-Current File)
- Eckholm, E. E. (1985, Sep 10). Robert Ballard: Explorer Of the Sea. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Ringle, K. (1985, Sep 10). Return From the Deep: Crowds & Correspondents Welcome Titanic's Discoverers the Titanic. The Washington Post (1974-Current File)
- Ciotti, P. (1985, Oct 27). Ralph White's Titanic Adventure: A visit With a Member Of the Woods Hole Expedition Ralph White's Titanic Adventure Titanic. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Kidder, R. M. (1986, Aug 04). Rewriting the Lessons Of the Titanic: Perspectives Titanic. The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current File)
- Buckley, William S. Jr. (1987, Oct 18). Down To the Great Ship: The Author Becomes Part Of An Archeological Adventure To Take a Close-Up View Of the Legend Of the Titanic. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Ballard, Robert D. Finding the Titanic. New York: Scholastic, c1993. CURR G530.T6 B495 1993
- Pipe, Jim. Titanic, A Very Peculiar History: with Added Iceberg. Brighton: Salariya Book Co. Ltd., 2012. e-book
- Check out Archive Grid for primary sources on Robert Ballard's discovery of the Titanic.
- Titanic Poster, Courtesy of Wikimedia
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries, Teachers College, Columbia University
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