The New Colossus
-- Emma Lazarus
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
“Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
-- from The Poetry Foundation
Early in the morning of June 17th, 1885 the Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor, having journeyed through stormy weather, long across the rough seas of the Atlantic Ocean by Isere, a wooden man-of-war vessel that anchored in the Horseshoe located off Sandy Hook. Made of copper and iron, the statue was a gift from France that symbolized freedom and democracy, as well as a century of friendship with the United States. Nicknamed "Lady Liberty", the statue weighed in at over 450,000 pounds packed into 200 cases, requiring major assembly, and over time much restoration. Frederic August Bartholdi designed this monumental piece with assistance from Gustav Eiffel in remembrance of the American Revolution.
The Statue of Liberty is one of our nation's most famous landmarks, drawing visitors from all over the world, sparking creativity of thought, and discussion of our values and heritage. American poet, writer, translator, and activist for Jewish causes, Emma Lazarus composed a sonnet in 1883 whose lines were inscribed in a plaque placed on the pedestal of Lady Liberty in 1903. The iconic robed female figure uplifting a torch combined with poetry beneath signal hope and opportunity for new immigrants and American citizens living in a diverse land.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- The Statue Of Liberty For New York Harbor. (1876, Sep 03). Detroit Free Press (1858-1922)
- Special Dispatch to the Baltimore Sun. (1885, Jun 20). Topics In New York: Welcome To A Great Statue: A Brilliant Day In the Metropolis the French Steamer Is Here, With Bartholdi's Statue Of Liberty, Escorted Up New York Harbor--A Splendid Pageant. The Sun (1837-1994)
- Statue of Liberty 50 Today: Gift Of French Standing In New York Harbor Ends First Half Century In Good Shape Designed By Bartholdi and Engineered By Eiffel. (1936, May 03). The Sun (1837-1994)
- Statue Of Liberty 50 Years Old; Dedication To Be Re-Enacted: Ceremony Similar To That Of 1886 Will Be Staged Wednesday On Bedloes Island In Honor Of Bronze Lady Of New York Harbor. (1936, Oct 25). The Washington Post (1923-1954)
- Jones, R. T. (1937, Nov 21). Silhouettes: The Statue Of Liberty. The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945)
- America Greeted the Statue Of Liberty 69 Years Ago. (1955, Apr 17). Daily Boston Globe (1928-1960)
- Whitehouse, F.T(1965, Jun 20). Statue Of Liberty Honored By City. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- McGill, D (1986, Jun 29). City Sheds Light On Its Statue. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Dowd, M. (1986, Jun 29). Statue At 100: Radiant Salute. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Fried, A. (1986, Jul 04). Let the Torch Cast True Light On Our Immigrant Story: History Doesn't Need A False Glow. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Sutton, H. (1986, Aug 10). Traveler's Diary: The Statue Of Liberty On the Seine. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995) R
- Kirchofer, T. (2000, Feb 11). Statue Of Liberty Marked End Of Slavery, Report Says. Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- Ashton, Jean. When Did the Statue of Liberty Turn Green?: And 101 Other Questions About New York City. New York: Columbia University Press, c2010. e-book.
- Berenson, Edward. The Statue of Liberty: A Transatlantic Story. New Haven: Yale University Press, c2012. e-book.
- Khan, Yasmin Sabina. Enlightening the World: The Creation of the Status Of Liberty. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, c2010. e-book.
- The Statue of Liberty Stands on Liberty Island, by D. Ramey Logan, Wikimedia
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries
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