On March 13th, 1928, American artist, writer, and journalist Gwendolyn Bennett spoke briefly before the NAACP in Philadelphia on the importance of appreciation by African Americans for African art, as well of the work of representatives in the field of modern art. Miss Bennett hoped that we'd cultivate "the viewpoint of looking at art from the creative genius exhibited by the producer." She references the need to look at real life through art, rather than conform to stereotypes of race or the African American.
One of the youngest leaders of the Harlem Renaissance, Gwendolyn Bennett (July 8, 1902 - May 31, 1981) was a spokesperson for racial pride and the rights of African American women. Bennett had a brief yet highly prolix period of literary and artistic achievement from 1923-1928, when she wrote over forty poems, reviews, articles, and short stories in notable African American magazine and anthologies, including Alain Locke's The New Negro (1925). She is particular known for popular literary column "The Ebony Flute" that she wrote for Opportunity. Sadly many of her paintings were destroyed in a family fire.
A native of Giddings, Texas, Bennett attended Brooklyn Girls High School and studied at the Fine Arts Department of Teachers College, Columbia University from 1921-22 before transferring to Pratt Institute where she complete her studies in art and drama. She taught art at Howard University, Tennessee State College, Curtright High School (Eustis, Florida) and New York City schools, including School for Democracy and George Washington Carver. She served as director of the Harlem Community Art Center, the largest of the Federal Arts Projects, where she succeeded August Savage.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Easy To Look At And Easy To Study Under: Latest Member Of Howard University Instructors To Teach Design And Water Colors--Is Talented. (1924, Sep 06). The Pittsburgh Courier (1911-1950)
- Hymar, P. B. (1927, Mar 19). H. U. Teacher Resigns. Afro-American (1893-1988)
- Gwendolyn Bennett Speaks At Meeting Of N. A. A. C. P. (1928, Mar 15). Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- D'ctrieulle, B. (1928, Apr 28). Art Weds Science: Gwendolyn Bennett Becomes Bride Of Dr. Alfred J. Jackson. The Pittsburgh Courier (1911-1950)
- Thompson, J. H. (1939, May 27). What Art Study Has Done In Harlem. The Chicago Defender (National Edition) (1921-1967)
- Gwen Bennet Weds Teacher: Interracial Couple Will Honeymoon For Week At Cape Cod. (1940, Jun 29). New York Amsterdam News (1938-1941)
- Suspend Harlem Art Center Head In Red Probe. (1941, Apr 26). New York Amsterdam Star-News (1941-1943)
- Harlem To Open Center Named For George Washington Carver. (1943, Oct 24). New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- A Lady Laughs At Fate. (1946, Jan 05). The Chicago Defender (National Edition) (1921-1967)
- Reif, R. (1973, May 26). Antiques: At Brandywine: 'Country Americana' Show Of Wares Is Held At Chadds Ford Museum. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Crosscup Dies at 79. (1981, Jun 16). Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- Langely, Jerry and Sandra Govan. The Richest Colors on her Palette: Beauty and Truth. Museum of African American Art (2010): 6-15.
- Wheeler, Belinda and Louis J. Parascandola, eds. Heroine of the Harlem Renaissance and Beyond: Gwendolyn Bennett's Selected Writings. Penn State University Press, 2018. PS3503.E5474 A6 2018
- Gwendolyn Bennett Papers, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Personal Papers consisting of correspondence, 1926-1946; educational and financial papers; resumes detailing Bennett's teaching and literary career; photographs; and diaries, 1925, 1936, and 1958. Bennett's Professional and Literary Activities are documented by research material consisting of newspaper and magazine articles written by or about Bennett and the Welfare Council of New York, for whom Bennett worked as a journalist; class notes and printed material from the School for Democracy, predecessor of the Jefferson School of Social Science, a Marxist adult education center, and the George Washington Carver School, two controversial schools investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee for Communist infiltration. Also, typescripts of Bennett's poems and book reviews, 1928-1941. Frank Horne Literary Estate papers consist of typescripts of Horne's published and unpublished poems and letters, 1926-1963. Scrapbooks consist of news clippings, letters, and memorabilia and chronicles of her youth and published work, 1914-1934.
- Untitled (River Landscape), by Gwendolyn Bennett, 1931, Courtesy of IRAAA Museum
- Special Slide, Courtesy of the Gottesman Libraries
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