Teachers College alumna and jazz-rhythm-blues trumpeter and vocalist Donaldson Toussaint L'Ouverture Byrd II was born December 9th, 1932 in Detroit, Michigan. The son of a musically-inclined Methodist minister, Donald Byrd would become a highly accomplished musician, professor, and cultural researcher -- known throughout the world as an authority on Afro-American music. He attended Cass Technical High School, Wayne State University, and Manhattan School of Music, before earning his Ph'D in 1983 from Teachers College, Columbia University.
At 18 years of age, Byrd joined the Air Force where he played in various service bands. After his discharge in 1955 he moved to New York where he joined different groups, including George Wallington's quintet and Art Blakely's Jazz Messengers, most often performing as a "sidekick". He gigged around town with Max Roach, before signing with Blue Note Records. Byrd's international bebop reputation continued to grow as he creatively fused funk and soul with jazz. His other record labels include Prestige, Verve, Columbia, and Transition.
Donald Byrd taught at Rutgers University, the Hampton Institute, New York University, Howard University, Queens College, Oberlin College, Cornell University, North Carolina Central University and Delaware State University. He was the first to offer a course in New York City on Afro-American musical techniques, which he gave at NYU with co-sponsorship from the New York State Department of Education.
Byrd's associated acts included Pepper Adams, Gigi Gryce, Jackie McLean, Hank Mobley, Dexter Gordon, and The Blackbyrds. He died February 4, 2013 at the age of 80 in Dover, Delaware.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Donald Byrd: The Thinking Man's Musician. (1971, Sep 18). New Pittsburgh Courier (1966-1981)
- Donald Byrd: Black Music His Business. (1971, Oct 02). New Journal and Guide (1916-2003)
- Murphy, R. (1974, May 24). Donald Byrd's Class Meets In Nightclub. Boston Globe (1960-1988)
- Trumpeter Donald Byrd: The Musician Cum Laude. (1974, Aug 29). Atlanta Daily World (1932-2003)
- The McKenzie Report: Donald Byrd and Blackbyrds. (1974, Nov 30). Afro-American (1893-1988)
- Stardom: Donald Byrd Set For High Chaparral With Blackbyrds. (1975, Nov 19). Chicago Defender (Daily Edition) (1973-1975)
- Donald Byrd Honored. (1976, Sep 23). Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005)
- Rogers, P. (1977, Apr 10). Donald Byrd & the Blackbyrds: A Composite Of Jazz & Boogie. Atlanta Daily World (1932-2003)
- The Facets of Donald Byrd. (1977, Aug 11). Los Angeles Sentinel (1934-2005)
- Donald Byrd. (1979, Mar 08). Boston Globe (1960-1988)
- Jason. (1981, Feb 25). Celebrity Lookout. New Journal and Guide (1916-2003)
- Reid, M. (1981, Nov 11). Donald Byrd 'Comes Around' To Audience's Delight. New Journal and Guide (1916-2003)
- Byrd, Donald. The Performance and Analysis Of An Original Afro-American Musical Composition for Trumpet and Orchestra. New York: Teachers College, 1983.
- Byrd, Donald. All the Best (Best of Jazz, Best of Soul). You Tube.
- Donald Byrd Portrait Collection. New York Public Library.
- Donald Byrd, Wikimedia Commons
- Special News Slide, Courtesy of EdLab Studios
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