Also known as the Badge of Military Merit, The Purple Heart was created on August 7, 1782 by General George Washington and awarded to three soldiers of the American Revolution in 1783. Symbolizing bravery and valor, the medal is heart shaped with a gold border and contains the profile of George Washington attached to purple silk. After the American War of Independence, medals were not not awarded until 1932 in honor of the bicentennial birth of George Washington -- at which time they were tied to those wounded or killed in action. It is estimated that 1.8 million purple hearts have been awarded to military personnel, including prisoners of war and those fighting terrorism as seen in Operations Freedom's Sentinel (Afghanistan) and Operation Inherent Resolve (Iraq, Syria).
Did you know that the National Purple Heart of Honor
is located in the Palisades -- New Windsor, New York, and that the Purple Heart Trail
creates a symbolic and honorary system of roads, highways, bridges, and other monuments throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and Guam, that give tribute to the men and women who have been awarded the Purple Heart medal?
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers
, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Beverley, W. (1930, Mar 02). The Secret of the Purple Heart: Front Musty Records of a Day Gone By, Historians Have Uncovered the Story Of a Badge of Merit Created by Washington During the Revolution. The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945)
- Order Of Purple Heart Revived By President. (1932, Feb 23). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Hughes, R. (1935, Feb 24). The Purple Heart: "Traitor!" Said the Girl. "Hero!" Said George Washington. The Sun (1837-1993)
- New Members of Purple Heart: Order Of Purple Heart Initiates 36 Into Ranks. (1940, Jun 02). Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963)
- Pollock, C. (1943, Feb 21). The Road To Glory...: It's Open To Every Man In Patriot Army--As George Washington Decreed When He Originated the Decoration Of the Purple Heart...For Valor. The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945)
- On Purple Heart. (1962, Apr 29). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Young, R. (1971, Sep 05). The Purple Heart ... The Hartford Courant (1923-1993)
- Daniels, H. (1975, Aug 03). The Modern Almanac: Purple Hearts. Chicago Tribune (1963-1996)
- Sommer, J. (1982, Aug 08). 200 Years Of the Purple Heart. Newsday (1940-1990)
- Gagnier, M. (1983, Apr 21). Purple Heart Exhibit Marks Bicentennial. The Hartford Courant (1923-1993)
- Cornish, L. (1986, Nov 25). Purple Heart: An Historic Honor. Philadelphia Tribune (1912-2001)
- History Of the Purple Heart. (1987, Jan 15). Atlanta Daily World (1932-2003)
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