August Bank Holiday - a tune on an ice-cream cornet. A fanfare of sunshades opening. A wince and whinny of bathers dancing into deceptive water. A tuck of dresses. A rolling of trousers. A compromise of paddlers. A sunburn of girls and a lark of boys. A silent hullabaloo of balloons.
-- Dylan Thomas. Holiday Memory
Although I was grateful to earn a little pocket money after school by shelving children's books in the local public library, I by far preferred working at Swensen's right across the street. The Dewey Decimal system was a little tricky to master, and in the quiet of the afternoon it always seemed to take a long time to correctly order all the books. But at the ice cream parlour, I thrived as a waitress on the rush of orders and satisfied customers, while my brother made the goods in the gorgeous glass room beside the buzzing soda fountain. He'd haul in big buckets of fine cream on a bright red dolly and crank the flavors -- tubs of strawberries, chocolate sauce, caramel, marshmallows, nuts -- into a giant ice machine that caught the attention of our eager customers; chrome glistened under vintage fixtures to the tune of the Beach Boys or Rod Stewart wafting from the corners of the tin ceiling; it was a bustling, happy place for everyone -- not only to feast on dozens of delicious frozen treats -- single scoop to cable carfait or banana split -- but also to learn how they were made. One could say that ice cream became a staple part of our diet which fed our knowledge of food, especially after long nights of service during the otherwise lazy hot days of summer at the beach.
Nancy Johnson created a hand-cranked freezer that established the basic method of making ice cream; paddles moved inside a vessel, surrounded by ice and salt, which held the ingredients. But William Young of Baltimore patented an improve
d model of the ice cream freezer on May 30th, 1848: his invention stirred the ingredients of the inner vessel through the movement of a perforated plunger, while spinning that vessel as it sat inside of an ice and salt-filled outer container. There was a weighted handle on the outside top that increased the coldness of the cream and accelerated the process of freezing. Young's ice cream freezer was in common use by 1854, until technical refrigeration came along, followed by the continuous process freezer which allowed the industry to develop and meet growing demand.
The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers
, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.
- Ice Cream: A Timely Article On a Very Popular Diet-- When It Was Discovered--Its Effects On the Minds and Pocket-Books (1881, Jun 12). Boston Daily Globe (1872-1922)
- Ice Cream Co. Has Fine Trade: Advent Of Warmer Weather Has Proven a Big Boost To Ice Cream Sales (1924, Apr 27). The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945)
- Ikerman, R. C. (1953, Jun 28). Ice Cream I'll Never Forget. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Paddleford, C. (1954, Jul 29). Ice Cream Cone Is 50; Born At St. Louis Fair: Today's Living. New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- History of Ice Cream Dates Back Centuries. (1955, Jun 05). The Hartford Courant (1923-1993)
- Lee, E. (1969, Aug 21). Ice Cream...: . . . Has Been Tempting Tastes for Centuries, Nero Was Probably the First Ice-Cream Fancier. The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973)
- Schumer, F. R. (1986, Aug 20). Flavors of Ice-Cream Parlors: Nostalgic to New. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Mayr, D. (1997, Jul 02). I Scream, You Scream, Here's a Few Facts About Ice Cream. The Christian Science Monitor (1908-Current File)
- Rookie Cookie's Ice Cream History: Get the Scoop. (1998, Jul 12). The Washington Post (1974-Current File)
- Our Favorite Treat Through the Years: The History of Ice Cream. (1988, Jun 05). The Washington Post (1974-Current File)
- McCombs, P. (2002, Apr 17). Hot Enough for You?: Suddenly, Spring Melts Into Summer, Taking the Ice Cream With It. The Washington Post (1974-Current File)
- Borella. The Court and Country Confectioner: Or, The House-Keeper's Guide; To a More Speedy, Plain, and Familiar Method of Understanding the Whole Art of Confectionary, Pastry, Distilling, and the Making of Fine Flavoured English Wines From All Kinds of Fruits, Herbs, and F. lowers ... By an Ingenious Foreigner, Now Head Confectioner to the Spanish Ambassador in England. London, G. Riley and A. Cooke [etc.], 1770. Closed Stacks TX791 .B73 1770
- Clarke, Chris. The Science of Ice Cream. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, c2004. e-book
- Edmondson, Brad. Ice Cream Social: The Struggle for the Soul of Ben & Jerry's. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Incorporated, 2014. e-book
- Fisk, Walter F. The Book of Ice-Cream. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1919. Closed Stacks TX795 .F45
- History of Ice Cream. Thought.co
- Ice Cream Reporter. New York, N.Y. : Published Studies Division, Find/SVP, 1987--. "A newsletter for ice cream executives."
- Miller, Jim. How I Learned All About the Earliest Patented Ice Cream Makers On a Dare. For the Love of History, February 26, 2011.
- Quinzio, Jeri. Of Sugar and Snow: A History of Ice Cream Making. Berkeley: University of California Berkeley, c2009. e-book
- Weiss, Laura B. Ice Cream: A Global History. London: Reaction Books, 2011. e-book
- Williams, H. Llewellyn, Mrs. The Book of Ices: Iced Beverages, Ice-Creams, and Ices ... for Home and Confectioners' Use. New York : DeWitt Pub. House, 1891. Closed Stacks TX795 .W254 1891
- Savoury Ice Cream Cones, Courtesy of BizNews
- William Young's Patent, Courtesy of For the Love of History blog
- Special Slide Courtesy of Edlab Studios
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