On April 12, 1633 Italian astronomer and physicist Galileo Galilee (1564-1642) was convicted of heresy by the Roman Catholic Church for his belief that the Earth revolved around the Sun. While the Church maintained that the Earth was the center of the universe, the imprisoned "Father of Modern Science" held firmly onto his theories. He served a three-year sentence and would spend the rest of his life under house arrest, prohibited from teaching his scientific theories, despite widespread knowledge and acceptance of the structure of the solar system. It took a mere 300 years for Galileo to be finally cleared by the Holy Office of the charges brought against him.
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- Sarton, G. (1955, May 29). The Position of the Sun. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Piel, G. (1955, Aug 07). Galileo and the Pioneer's Hard Role. New York Herald Tribune (1926-1962)
- Galileo to Be Cleared of Heresy. (1968, Jul 02). The Irish Times (1921-Current File)
- Convicted As Heretic In 1633. (1979, Dec 12). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Vatican Reviews Galileo Heresy; Hints at 'Pardon'. (1980, Oct 23). Chicago Tribune (1963-Current)
- Baker, R. (1980, Oct 29). Observer: The Camel Case. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Pope Admits Church Erred in Condemnation of Galileo. (1983, May 10). Chicago Tribune (1963-Current)
- Pullella, P. (1983, May 10). After 350 years, Church Agrees Galileo Was Right. The Hartford Courant (1923-1993)
- Vatican to Release Galileo Trial Notes. (1984, Jul 03). New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Lee, D. (1988, May 30). Church's Review of Galileo's Case--'And Yet It Moves!'. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995)
- Fantoli, Annibale and George V. Coyne. The Case of Galileo: A Closed Question? Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame, c2012. e-book
- Purnell, Frederick, Jr. The Trial of Galileo: Aristotelianism, the "New Cosmology", and the Catholic Church, 1616-1633. New York: Pearson / Longman, c2008. Oversize QB36.G2 P94 2013
- Shea, William R. Galileo in Rome: The Rise and Fall of a Troublesome Genius. New York; Oxford University Press, 2003. e-book
- Steele, Philip. Galileo: The Genius Who Faced the Inquisition. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2005.
Curr QB36.G2 S86 2005
- Galileos' Battle with the Heavens. PBS America, 2016.
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